from Newark Airport, arriving in Lima in late evening; transfer
to Hotel Carmel, in Miraflores. D
breakfast we travel by bus to the Pantanos de Villa reserve, located
within Lima's city limits this reserve, which attracts about 150
different species of birds, is a wetland created by seepage of Lima's
Rimas River. Hotel Carmel, B, L.
breakfast we travel by bus to Lomas de Lachay National Reserve
(1.5 hours). We will explore the desert ecology with an oasis
that attracts an interesting diversity of wildlife. Hotel Carmel,
transfer to airport and fly to Cusco. Afternoon excursion around
Cusco. The city is characterized by much pre-Columbian construction.
The massive stone walls erected by the Inca formed the foundation
of colonial and post-colonial settlement here. There are many
sites to see in the city, churches, museums, ruins, plazas, but
more importantly, Cusco is the gateway to the wonders of the Sacred
Valley and Machu Picchu. Tour includes the most significant sites
in and around Cusco City, such as: the massive Inca sanctuary
of Sacsahuaman, the amphitheatre of Qenqo, the fortress of Pukapukara,
the springshrine of Tambomachay, the Cathedral of Cusco with its
magnificent colonial art, and the Korikancha, which displays the
best Inca stonework in the city. Centenario Hotel, B.
Transfer to train station in early morning. Ride down the Urubamba
Canyon to Machu Picchu. The sacred Inca city of Machu Picchu is
famous for its dramatic setting among spectacular peaks and lush
cloud forest. Hotel Machu Picchu Inn. B, L
return to Machu Picchu and climb up winay Wayna, overlooking the
ruins. In the afternoon we return to Cusco. Hotel Centenario B,
to airport and fly to Iquitos. Following our arrival in Iquitos,
gateway to the western Amazon, we will be greeted by our Peru
Field Course Staff. We will then travel by boat up the Amazon
and Tahuayo Rivers to the Tahuayo Lodge complex. The trip upstream
takes ~8 hours. Following dinner, there will be a general orientation
session to our Peru Field Course. This evening, our group will
take a moon-light cruise on the Tahuayo River. Here, we will listen
for and attempt to observe nocturnal birds, including nightjars,
spectacled owls and boat-billed herons. We will be staying at
the Tahuayo Lodge until June 12. B, D.
During our stay at the Tamshiyacu-Tahuayo Reserve
we will do most the following (pending weather and time restrictions):
RESERVE-CHARRO LAKE. We will hike along a trail behind the Lodge.
Here, we often view at very close range, pygmy marmosets….great
specimens for photographers. As we make our way through varzea
and flooded forest habitats many interesting plants will be seen,
such as heliconia, giant kapok trees and the parasitic "strangler
fig". Our group will also travel by boat to Charro Lake,
where pink freshwater dolphins are commonly seen. Also, be on
the lookout for a great variety of bird species, including the
common egret, green ibis, yellow-headed caracara and chestnut-eared
PRE-DAWN CRUISE on
the TAHUAYO RIVER-BLANCO RIVER-HIKE in TERRA FIRME RAINFOREST.
Before sunrise, we will travel by boat along the Tahuayo River.
As we float with the current and dawn breaks, many different kinds
of birds and other forms of wildlife can be observed in trees
near the river's edge, as they bask in the early morning sunlight.
Following breakfast at the Lodge, we will travel by boat to the
Blanco River, a tributary of the Tahuayo and then on to a trail
where we will disembark and hike into terra firme rainforest.
This will be a full day hike, including lunch in the rainforest.
We will be on the lookout for several species of primates, anteaters,
peccaries and forest-birds, such as the cotinga and trumpeter.
We will also pass by a small oxbow lake inhabited by electric
RAINFOREST CANOPY EXPERIENCE.
We will spend the day exploring the upper rainforest canopy using
a tandem zip-line system that is connected to several old-growth
emergent trees located behind the Tahuayo Lodge. We will be mechanically
hoisted about one hundred feet onto a platform located in the
canopy of a large Ceiba tree. From the platform, individuals are
then connected to a system of stainless steel aircraft cables,
enabling easy movement from treetop to treetop. This will provide
participants the opportunity to observe a wide variety of flora
and fauna that can't be seen from ground level. Complete safety
is assured, however, this is a completely voluntary activity.
CAIMAN LAKE CANOE TRIP-RAINFOREST
WILDLIFE OBSERVATION. We will travel by canoe to Caiman Lake and
observe the very unusual and primitive hoatzin bird. The young
have claws on their wings that they use for climbing. As we canoe
close to shore, numerous crocodile nests will come into view.
Following lunch at the Lodge, our group will again travel down
the Tahuayo by boat, to observe sloths, several species of monkeys,
giant river otters and birds such as the spectacular scarlet macaw.
VISIT JUNGLE COMMUNITY
of SANTA ANA-TOUR PINEAPPLE and MANIOC PLANTATIONS-GIANT LILYPADS
of BARBASCO LAKE. We will travel down the Tahuayo River to visit
the jungle community of Santa Ana. After learning about the culture
and traditions of these villagers, participants will tour a local
school and a small plantation of manioc and pineapple located
in the buffer zone of the Tamshiyacu-Tahuayo Reserve. After lunch
at the plantation, which will include a desert of fresh pineapple,
participants will hike through the forest and cool off in a small
waterfall created by a natural clay shelf. Along our route, we
will observe many interesting bromeliads, as well as a variety
of under-story plants such as the "ajo-sacha" and "sanango".
In the late afternoon, a visit to Barbasco Lake will allow us
to see giant lily pads found in the region.
WILDLIFE of TAPAJE
LAKE-FISH for PIRAÑHA and PEACOCK BASS-HIKE THROUGH VARZEA
and TERRA FIRME RAINFOREST-MEDICINAL USES of RAINFOREST PLANTS-SHAMAN
VISIT. We will depart very early this morning for Tapaje Lake
to observe sloths, monkeys and the wide variety of bird-life found
here. We will also have the opportunity to fish for pirañha
and beautiful peacock bass.
MARKET DAY-CHARRO LAKE-FAREWELL DINNER. In the morning villagers
from throughout the region come together bringing many unusual
arts and crafts for trade or sale. Items may include local pottery,
decorative gourds and handmade canoe paddles. Following lunch,
we will hike through a combination of varzea and terra firme rainforest
with a Native Guide who specializes in the medicinal uses of rainforest
plants. In the evening we will be treated to a Farewell Dinner.
A Shaman, from a nearby village, will join us this evening and
demonstrate a native "good luck-good health" ceremony.
this morning, we will pack up, say farewells to our Peru Field Course
Staff and return to Iquitos by boat. Upon arrival, we will be transferred
to the Iquitos airport for your return flight to Lima and home.
home to Newark
ABOUT the TAMSHIYACU-TAHUAYO RESERVE
The Tamshiyacu-Tahuayo Biological Reserve is located in Loreto
Province, 80 miles southeast of Iquitos, Peru. It is a region
unequaled in biological wealth, as the 800,000 acre Reserve contains
15 species of primates, greatest number of any South American
protected area and possibly the world. Igapó, varzea and
terra firme lowland forest types are found in close proximity
and this plays a major role in producing the extremely high biodiversity
of the region. Aside from the large number of primate species
found here, other animals include jaguar, margay, ocelot, tapir,
giant anteater, peccary, brocket deer, paca, agouti, manatee,
pink river dolphin, giant river otter, paiche (Arapaima gigas….the
world's largest freshwater fish) and over 700 species of birds,
including the harpy eagle. The rare bush dog has also been sighted.
The Amazon River flood-plain and numerous oxbow lakes dominate
the west side of the Reserve. These lakes are home to large numbers
of fish and bird species and are very important to the indigenous
people of this region. Aquarium fish, such as oscars, angel fish,
tetras and pirañha are common. An innovative and successful
conservation project has been implemented in the buffer zone surrounding
the Reserve. Here, extension personnel working closely with local
villagers have developed a sustainable management plan involving
native natural resources. As a result, local customs and traditions
are being maintained without damaging forest and animal populations.
The only document required is a tourist passport. Please bring
two copies of your passport picture page for help in reconfirming
flights and as entrance requirement for the reserve. No visa is
required. No vaccination certificate is required. In our 19 years
working in this region we have not yet had a traveler become sick
with a tropical disease. There is malaria in the reserve but we
attempt to avoid regions at risk. The taking of malarial prophyllaxis
is at your discretion.
Clothes for jungle
Long and short pants; long sleeved shirts and tee shirts (tee
shirts with our full color logo can be prepurchased here for $20);
rain gear; hat with brim; swim suit; sneakers and hiking shoes
(we have jungle rubber boots in various sizes available for loan),
canoe enthusiasts like reef walkers or water moccasins. Daytime
high temperatures are 80-88 F.
Clothes for Cusco
Be prepared to dress in layers as the temperature can quickly
change from 50-75 F; evenings can get down to freezing. Good windbreaker;
good hiking shoes; sunglasses.
Sun block (you are close to the equator where there is less atmospheric
protection from UV); insect repellent (taking garlic and vitamin
B1 helps); canteen or water bottle; flashlight with spare batteries;
personal first aid kit; personal toiletries; daypack or small
backpack. For Cusco we recommend that you talk to a physician
about a prescription for diamox to help with altitude adjustment.
Binoculars; elementary school items to donate; camera (most underestimate
the amount of film to bring); video (there is a generator for
Needed for airport taxes, some meals, tips and optional purchases
such as souvenirs. US currency is good for all of that, but make
sure your bills are in virtually new or mint condition.
Diary of an Amazon Jungle Guide; Amazing Encounters with Tropical
Nature and Culture (includes a history of Amazonia Expeditions)
by Paul Beaver $30 per copy or if ordering 10 or more bulk rate
of $23 per copy all costs include shipping
"The Teachings of Gerineldo Moises Chavez" a TV documentary
made about our guide Gerineldo Moises, acclaimed as 'the most
famous jungle guide in the entire Amazon.' Video copies available
here for $25.
This TV program won the Silver Teddy as Best Outdoor Documentary
televised in 2001.
Due to weather conditions and circumstances beyond the control
of Field Course Staff, certain activities may be changed or done
on different days in the best interest of the group.
CODES: B-Breakfast, L-Lunch, D-Dinner
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2003 Penn State
Berks-Lehigh Valley College
page was last updated on July 7, 2003.
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